Question: What Is Poetics According To Aristotle?

What is poetry according to Aristotle?

Aristotle proposes to study poetry by analyzing its constitutive parts and then drawing general conclusions.

He defines poetry as the mimetic, or imitative, use of language, rhythm, and harmony, separately or in combination..

What does Aristotle say about the origin of poetry?

According to Aristotle, poetry originated in the human soul from the “instinct of imitation” and “harmony.” … Aristotle argued that second of all, poetry springs from our need for harmony. Next, there is the instinct for ‘harmony’ and rhythm, meters… (The entire section contains 302 words.)

How did Aristotle defend imitation and poetry?

Aristotle proclaimed that the poet imitates “the ideal reality,” not the mere shadow of things. Thus, the poet does not copy the external world. He creates something new according to his own “idea” of it. … He provided a strong defense of poetry by blowing off Plato’s theory of Poetic Imitation.

What are the six elements of Theatre?

ARISTOTLE’S SIX ELEMENTS of drama are Spectacle, Character, Fable (Plot), Diction, Melody, and Thought. These elements (slightly modified and re-interpreted for contemporary audiences) remain essential to modern films.

How long is Aristotle’s Poetics?

twenty pagesQuite something since the entire Poetics is a mere twenty pages. But what coverage! To list several: plot, character, language and two concepts supercharged with meaning: mimesis (imitation) and catharsis (inspiring pity or fear).

What are the three modes of imitation as suggested by Aristotle?

The remainder of Book I is devoted to a discussion of the different media of imitation; Book II treats the objects of imitation and Book III discusses the mode of imitation. The three basic media which Aristotle recognizes are rhythm, language, and harmony.

What is the most important element of a play?

Audience can be said to be the most important element of drama to be considered about, since it is the audience that determine whether the play is successful or not. Also, many playwrights write the plot of the drama with a great concern regarding to their groups of audience rather than their own interests.

What does Aristotle mean by imitation of action?

“Tragedy,” says Aristotle, “is an imitation [mimēsis] of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude…through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation [catharsis] of these emotions.” Ambiguous means may be employed, Aristotle maintains in contrast to Plato, to a virtuous and purifying end.

What is Aristotle’s objection to the theory of mimesis?

Aristotle’s Objection to the Theory of Mimesis Aristotle believes that there is natural pleasure in imitation which is an in-born instinct in men. It is this pleasure in imitation that enables the child to learn his earliest lessons in speech and conduct from those around him, because there is a pleasure in doing so.

What are the characteristics of tragedy according to Aristotle?

Aristotle distinguished six elements of tragedy: “plot, characters, verbal expression, thought, visual adornment, and song-composition.” Of these, PLOT is the most important.

When did Aristotle write poetics?

CriticaLink | Aristotle: Poetics | Overview Like many important documents in the history of philosophy and literary theory, Aristotle’s Poetics, composed around 330 BCE, was most likely preserved in the form of students’ lecture notes.

Is the finest form of poetry according to Aristotle?

Thus, he identifies four possible branches of poetry upon a hierarchy as follows: tragedy, comedy, epic, and the lampoon. For the purpose of defining the poet, Aristotle begins with the finest form of poetry. … This, he says, is the result of the inclusion of spoken words in tragedy, which is performed.

What is the most important element of drama According to Aristotle?

The story line of a play. It is the dramatic element that Aristotle considered the most important. A person in a play, whether fictional or based on a real figure, as portrayed by an actor onstage. Character is also the element of drama that Aristotle placed second to plot in importance.

How do I cite Aristotle’s Poetics?

Citation Format The first reference to the work should give the title of the “Poetics” in a signal phrase so the reader knows what work you are referring to, like this: “As explained in Aristotle’s ‘Poetics,’ ….” As with any source, the parenthetical citation should give the author’s name.

What are the six elements of Aristotle’s Poetics?

In Poetics, he wrote that drama (specifically tragedy) has to include 6 elements: plot, character, thought, diction, music, and spectacle.

What does poetics deal with?

The Poetics is primarily concerned with drama, and the analysis of tragedy constitutes the core of the discussion.

How does Aristotle defend poetry?

Aristotle replied to the charges made by his Guru Plato against poetry in particular and art in general. He replied to them one by one in his defence of poetry. … Art cannot be slavish imitation of reality. Literature is not the exact reproduction of life in all its totality.

What are the major themes in poetics?

Poetics ThemesTragedy vs. Epic Poetry. … Imitation. … Fear, Pity, and Catharsis. … Component Parts and Balance.